Nyāya


Information

Information 25514
aviddhakarṇas tu bhāṣyaṭīkāyām idam āśaṅkya parijihīrṣati.

Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa, Aviddhakarṇa (Nyāya)
Sources: VNṬ (1) 78,22; VNṬ (2) 76,22f

Details


Information 25852
atra ca adhyayenā(adhyayanā?)viddhakarṇoddyotakarādibhir yad uktam . . .

Author(s): Adhyayana, Aviddhakarṇa, Aviddhakarṇa (Nyāya), Uddyotakara
Sources: TBV 322,15

Details


Information 15351
nanv ityādinā udyotakarabhāviviktādayo hetor asiddhatām udbhāvayanti. te evam ahur . . ..

Author(s): Bhāvivikta, Uddyotakara
Sources: TSP (1) 188,10f

Details


Information 25462
yat punar udāhṛtam aviddhakarṇena bhāṣyaṭīkāyāṃ . . .

Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa, Aviddhakarṇa (Nyāya)
Sources: VNṬ (1) 92,22; VNṬ (2) 89,17

Details


Information 30271
nyāyabhāṣyaṭīkāvārtikayor viśvarūpodyotakarāv āhatuḥ . . .

Author(s): Uddyotakara, Viśvarūpa
Sources: DhPr 175

Details


Information 30298
. . . ity evaṃ bhāviviktena bhāṣyaṭīkāyāṃ prayogād . . .

Author(s): Bhāvivikta, Bhāvivikta (Nyāya)
Sources: VNṬ (1) 88,16f

Details


Information 7428
kaṃdarpaketur ... nyāyasthitim ivoddyotakarasvarūpāṃ ... vāsavadattāṃ dadarśa /

Author(s): Uddyotakara
Sources: VD 233,6 ... 235,2-3 ... 237,2

Fragments

Fragment 1876
yadi tarhi naikaviṣayatānayos tat katham idaṃ pratisandhānajñānaṃ bhavati. yaḥ prakāśe mayā dṛṣṭo ghaṭaḥ sa evāndhakāre spṛśyate – iti.

Author(s): unidentified
Sources: TSP 45,24f; TSP (1) 58,12f


Fragment 3092
aviddhakarṇas tv aṇūnāṃ nityatvaprasādhanāya pramāṇam āha – paramāṇūnām utpādakābhimataṃ saddharmopagataṃ na bhavati; sattvapratipādakapramāṇāviṣayatvāt, kharaviṣāṇavad – iti.

Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa
Sources: TSP (1) 233,12-14; TSP 187,4f


Fragment 2216
parasyottaram ... – saṃjñāpakapramāṇaviṣayasya bhāvas tattvaṃ sadupalambhakapramāṇaviṣayatvaṃ nāma dharmāntaraṃ ṣaṇṇām astitvam iṣyate – ity arthaḥ.

Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa
Sources: TSP 192,13-17; TSP (1) 239,19f


Fragment 3123
aviddhakarṇas tv āha – āgamāt sāmānyena pratipadyate, viśeṣapratipattis tūpamānād – iti.

Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa, Aviddhakarṇa (Nyāya)
Sources: TSP (1) 553,13f; TSP 452,16


Fragment 2199
syād etat – yady adṛṣṭaṃ śauklādirūpaṃ vāsaso nāsty eva tat kathaṃ dhautādyavasthāyāṃ punar upalabhyate – iti.

Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa, Aviddhakarṇa (Nyāya)
Sources: TSP 191,12f; TSP (1) 238,13f

Details


Report 2830
nanv ityādinā udyotakarabhāviviktādayo hetor asiddhatām udbhāvayanti. (TS 557f) ta evam āhur – guṇavyatirikto guṇī samupalabhyata eva. tadrūpādiguṇāgrahaṇe 'pi tasya grahaṇāt. tathā hi sphaṭikopalaḥ sannihitopadhānāvasthāyāṃ svagataśuklaguṇānupalambhe 'pi dṛśyata eva. balākādiś ca rātrau mandamandaprakāśāyāṃ tadgatasitādirūpādarśane 'pi gṛhyata eva. tathāprapadīnakañcukāvacchannaśarīre puṃsi tadā śyāmādirūpādyagrahaṇe 'pi pumān pumān iti pratyayaḥ prasūyata eva. kaṣāyakuṅkumādirakte vāsasi tadrūpasya saṃsarpirūpeṇābhibhūtasyānupalambhe 'pi vastradhīr bhavaty eva.

Author(s): Bhāvivikta, Uddyotakara
Sources: TSP 188,10-20


Report 6515
nanv anenānumānena bādhyate sarvahetuṣu /
vyāptiḥ sarvopasaṃhārā pratijñārthasya vā kṣatiḥ //
vivakṣitārkacandrādiviṣayaṃ yat pravartate /
jñānaṃ tatkālasambaddhasūryādiviṣayaṃ param //
pārthivāviṣayatve hi tajjñānatvābhidhānataḥ /
tad yathā prathamaṃ jñānaṃ tatkālārkādigocaram //
rūpatvādyāśrayāḥ sarve ye ca teṣāṃ samāśrayāḥ /
ye ca tadviṣayāḥ kecij jāyante pratyayās tathā //
utpānānantaraṃ dhvaṃsabhājo naiva bhavanti ye /
prameyatvābhidheyatvahetutaḥ khāravindavat //


Author(s): Bhāvivikta, Bhāvivikta (Nyāya)
Sources: TS 462-466; TS (1) 461-465

Details


Fragment 4765
atrāviddhakarṇopanyastam īśvarasādhane pramāṇadvayam (... TS 47f ...). tad uktam – dvīndriyagrāhyāgrāhyaṃ vimatyadhikaraṇabhāvāpannaṃ buddhimatkāraṇapūrvakam, svārambhakāvayavasanniveśaviśiṣṭatvāt, ghaṭādivat, vaidharmyeṇa paramāṇava – iti.

Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa, Aviddhakarṇa (Nyāya)
Sources: TSP (1) 52,16-18; TSP 41,14-20

Details


Fragment 1848
ātmavyatiriktaṃ nityaikasarvārthaviṣayabuddhyupetatayā bhinnaguṇatvād dravyāntaram eva – ity apare.

Author(s): unidentified
Sources: TSP 40,27-41,1; TSP (1) 51,18-20

Details


Fragment 2290
kālasādhanam āha ... – paraḥ pitā, aparaḥ putraḥ, yugapat, ciraṃ, kṣipraṃ, kriyate, kṛtaṃ, kariṣyate ceti yad etat parāparādijñānaṃ tad ādityādikriyādravyavyatiriktapadārthanibandhanam, valīpalitādipratyayavilakṣaṇatvāt, ghaṭādipratyayavat. yo hetur asya sa sāmarthyāt kālaḥ. tathā hi - na tāvad deśakṛto 'yaṃ parāparādipratyayaḥ. paradigbhāgāvasthite ‘pi sthavire para iti jñānotpatteḥ. tathāparadigbhāgāvasthāyiny api putre 'para iti. nāpi valīpalitādikṛtaḥ, tatpratyayavilakṣaṇatvāt. nāpi kriyākṛtaḥ, tajjñānavilakṣaṇatvād eva. tathā ca sūtram: aparaṃ paraṃ yugapad ayupagapac ciraṃ kṣipram iti kālaliṅgāni – iti.

Author(s): unidentified
Sources: TSP (1) 256,14-23; TSP 206,9-21


Fragment 1900
syād etat – kṛtakatvādivad asyāpi sanniveśaviśiṣṭatva(tvena?) buddhimatkāraṇapūrvakatvam eva, pratibandho ‘sty eva? – iti.

Author(s): unidentified
Sources: TSP 49,14f; TSP (1) 62,23f


Fragment 2262
syād etat – avayavāntareṣv arakteṣu samavetasya dravyasyopalabdhāv api na saṃyogātmakasya rāgasyopalabdhis tena nāsyāśrayopalabdhāv upalabdhir – iti.

Author(s): Śaṅkarasvāmin, unidentified
Sources: TSP 200,24f; TSP (1) 249,18f


Fragment 5480
aviddhakarṇas tu – dve eva pramāṇe, svalakṣaṇasāmānyalakṣaṇābhyāṃ cānyat prameyaṃ nāstīty – etad vighaṭanārthaṃ pramāṇayati – pratyakṣam anumānavyatiriktapramāṇāntarasadvitīyam; pramāṇatvāt, anumānavat. anumānaṃ vā pratyakṣavyatiriktapramāṇāntarasadvitīyam, pramāṇatvāt, pratyakṣavat. tathā svalakṣaṇaṃ sāmānyalakṣaṇavyatiriktaprameyārthāntarasadvitīyam, prameyatvāt, sāmānyalakṣaṇavat. sāmānyalakṣaṇaṃ vā svalakṣaṇavyatirikta­prameyāntara­sadvitīyam, prameyatvāt, svalakṣaṇavad – iti.

Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa
Sources: TSP (1) 556,22-557,10; TSP 455,22-28


Fragment 3110
aviddhakarṇas tv āha – viprakīrṇaiś ca vacanair naikārthaḥ pratipādyate /
tena sambandhasiddhyarthaṃ vācyaṃ nigamanaṃ pṛthak //
iti.


Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa, Aviddhakarṇa (Nyāya)
Sources: TSP 422,5f; TSP (1) 516,9-11


Fragment 13606
nanu ca – karaṇakārakaparigrahād vacanam udāharaṇaṃ dṛṣṭāntaś cārtho na cānayoḥ sāmānādhikaraṇyaṃ yujyate, na hi viṣāṇādimad ity abhidhānaṃ gavā samānādhikaraṇaṃ bhavati.

Author(s): unidentified
Sources: NV (1) 308,10f; NV 126,13-15

Details


Fragment 5240
vibhutvasiddhaye pramāṇayati – avanijalānilamanāṃsi vipratipattiviṣayabhāvāpannāni dūrataravarttīni madīyenātmanā saha sambadhyante; mūrttatvavegavattvaparatvāparatvamithaḥsaṃyogavibhāgavattvebhyaḥ, madīyaśarīrādivad – iti.

Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa
Sources: TSP 82,19-21; TSP (1) 106,15-17


Fragment 3026
yad api gajaturagasyandanādivyatiriktanimittaprabhavaḥ senāpratyayaḥ, gajādipratyayavilakṣaṇatvāt, vastracarmakambaleṣu nīlapratyayavad – iti saṃkhyāsiddhaye yad aviddhakarṇoktaṃ pramāṇam, tad apy ayuktam.

Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa, Aviddhakarṇa (Nyāya)
Sources: TBV 674,17-19


Fragment 14172
yathaiva hi naiyāyikādayaḥ – paramāṇavo viviktāvasthāvat pracayāvasthāyām api paramāṇutvaṃ na tyajanti – iti manyante na tathā syādvādino yena taddoṣas teṣām anuṣajyeta ...

Author(s): unidentified
Sources: SŚP 25,1-3


Fragment 15421
naiyāyikānāṃ tv iti. rūḍher anantaraṃ ca tanmatasyopakṣepād ākṣapādānām iti gamyate. – indriyārthasannikarṣotpannam – ityādi.

Author(s): Akṣapāda, unidentified
Sources: PSṬ 1 (I) 96,3f


Report 15789
vyapadeśo na sidhyatīti, yasmād anumeyam eva mukhyaṃ pūrvavaccheṣavat, jñānaṃ tūpacāreṇa. tadviṣayatvāt tathā vyapadiśyata iti varṇitam. na ca liṅgajñānaṃ tadviṣayam, yatas tathā vyapadeśo 'sya syāt, liṅgasya pūrvavaccheṣavattvenāsaṃvarṇitatvāc chāstra ity abhyupetahāniḥ.

Author(s): unidentified
Sources: PSṬ 2 (I) 72,7-10


Fragment 2843
prayogaḥ – ye bhinnakartṛkāryakālaparimāṇās te vibhinnāḥ yathā stambhakumbhādayaḥ, vibhinnakartṛkāryakālaparimāṇāś ca vicāraviṣayāḥ. nāsiddho hetur nāpy anaikāntikaḥ. viruddhadharmādhyāsamātranibandhano hi bhāvānāṃ parasparato bhedaḥ, yathā stambhādīnāṃ sa cāvayavāvayavinor apy asti. tathā hi -- tantūnāṃ yoṣitkartrī, paṭasya kuvindaḥ, śītāpanodādikāryasamarthaḥ paṭo na tantavaḥ, prāg api tantūnām upalabdheḥ pūrvakālabhāvitvaṃ, paṭasya tu paścāt kuvindādivyāpārottarakālabhāvitvam, paṭasyāyām avistarābhyāṃ yāvat pramāṇaṃ na tāvat pratyekaṃ tantūnām astīti bhinnaparimāṇatvam ato nānaikāntikatā hetūnām – iti bhāvaḥ.

Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa, Aviddhakarṇa (Nyāya)
Sources: TSP 189,9-15

Details


Fragment 5734
bhāvivikto 'py atraiva khararave patitaḥ prakaraṇasamam anyathā samarthayati. – yasmād dheto(ḥ) prakaraṇacintā vipakṣasyāpi vicāraḥ paścād bhavati sa evaṃlakṣaṇo hetunirṇayāya yopadiśyamānaḥ prakaraṇasamo bhavati. prakaraṇe sādhye samas tulyaḥ sattve 'sattve vā yathā satsarvajñam itaratadviparītavinirmuktatvād rūpādivad iti. yasmād ayaṃ hetur ubhayatra samāno yo 'py asatvaṃ sādhayati tasyāpi samānaḥ. katham asatsarvajñatvam itaratadviparītavinirmuktatvāt kharaviṣāṇavad iti. na cāyaṃ kilobhayadharmatve 'py anaikāntiko vipakṣavr̥ttir vaikalyāt.

Author(s): Bhāvivikta, Bhāvivikta (Nyāya)
Sources: VNṬ (1) 140,8-14; VNṬ (2) 134,1-7

Details


Fragment 6425
syād buddhiḥ samūhavācakaśabdavācyatvād ity evaṃ bhāviviktena bhāṣyaṭīkāyāṃ prayogād vyadhikaraṇatvaṃ nāsti. evaṃ manyate na tāvad ayam uddyotakareṇaivaṃ prayuktasya vāyam asmābhir doṣo 'bhidhātum ārabdho, ye 'pi saṃpraty anyathā prayuñjate teṣām api yady ayaṃ doṣo na bhavati.

Author(s): Bhāvivikta, Bhāvivikta (Nyāya) , Uddyotakara
Sources: VNṬ (1) 88,16-18; VNṬ (2) 85,11-14

Details


Fragment 6875
yat punar udāhṛtam aviddhakarṇena bhāṣyaṭīkāyāṃ – vyaktam ekaprakṛtikaṃ parimitatvāc charāvādivad – iti.

Author(s): Aviddhakarṇa, Aviddhakarṇa (Nyāya)
Sources: VNṬ (1) 92,22f

Details


Fragment 46056
tad idaṃ nityatvaṃ vedasya pratyuta prāmāṇyaṃ vyāhanti. tathā cāhur bhartrīśvarādayaḥ – kiṃ hi nityaṃ pramāṇaṃ dṛṣṭam? pratyakṣādi vā yad anityaṃ tasya prāmāṇye kasya vipratipattiḥ? – iti

Author(s): Bhartrīśvara
Sources: ŚVTṬ 38,8-10

Details


Fragment 83844
naiyāyikānāṃ tv iti. rūḍher anantaraṃ ca tanmatasyopakṣepād ākṣapādānām iti gamyate. indriyārthasannikarṣotpannam ityādi. – indriyāṇi ghrāṇarasanacakṣustvakśrotrāṇi. arthāḥ pañca gandhādayas tadāśrayāḥ karma sattādayaś ca. teṣāṃ sannikarṣaḥ sambandhaḥ. sa tu pañcavidhaḥ, saṃyogaḥ saṃyuktasamavāyaḥ saṃyuktasamavetasamavāyaḥ samavāyaḥ samavetasamavāyaś ca. tatrendriyasya dravyeṇa saṃyogalakṣaṇaḥ sambandhaḥ, na rūpādibhiḥ. anyathobhayāśrayatvāt saṃyogasya te 'pi guṇavantaḥ syuḥ. nirguṇāś ca guṇāḥ. tasmād indriyasaṃyogād dravye jñānam utpadyate, yadātmā manasā saṃyujyate, mana indriyeṇa, indriyam arthena. dravyam atrārtho 'bhipretaḥ. dravyasamaveteṣu tu rūpādiṣu guṇeṣu tathā dravyatvādiṣu sāmānyaviśeṣeṣu karmaṇi ca saṃyuktasamavāyāt. rūpatvādiṣu saṃyuktasamavetasamavāyāt. tathā guṇatvakarmatvayoḥ. śabde tu samavāyāt. sa hi śravaṇaśaṣkulīparicchinnadharmādharmābhisaṃskṛtākāśadeśalakṣaṇe śrotrendriye samaveto gṛhyate. yas tu śrotrādivicchinnadeśa utpadyate, sa tatrāsamavetatvān na gṛhyata eva. tena tu śabdāntarāṇi sarvadikkāny ārabhyante, tair apy anyāni. evaṃ śabdāntarārabdhaśabdaparamparayā śrotrendriye yaḥ samavaiti śabdaḥ, tasyendriyasamavāyād grahaṇaṃ bhavati, yadātmā manasā saṃyujyate, mano 'pi śrotreṇa. śabdajātau tu samvetasamavāyāt. sattāyāṃ tu dravyasamavetāyāṃ5 saṃyuktasamavāyāt, guṇakarmasamavetāyāṃ saṃyuktasamavetasamavāyāt, śabdasamavetāyāṃ tu samavetasamavāyād iti. tad evaṃ pañcaprakāraḥ sambandho jñānahetuḥ. tasmād utpannaṃ nābhivyaktaṃ jñānaṃ pratyakṣam. jñānagrahaṇaṃ sukhādivyavacchedārtham. vyapadiśyate jñāpyate saṃyogyādinā liṅgeneti vyapadeśyo viṣayaḥ. nāsya vyapadeśyo viṣayo 'stīty avyapadeśyam. atha vā tad eva jñānaṃ svarūpeṇa na vyapadiśyate na nirdiśyata ity avyapadeśyam. mṛgatṛṣṇādir viṣayo vyabhicārī, yathā jalādirūpatvena gṛhyate, tathāsattvāt. nāsya vyabhicāry astīty avyabhicāri. atha vā tad eva jñānam atasmiṃs tadgrahād vyabhicāri. vyavasāya ātmāsyeti vyavasāyātmakam. ātmaśabdaḥ svabhāvavacanaḥ kāryavacano vā.

Author(s): Nyāyabhāṣyakāra (a)
Sources: PSṬ 1 (I) 96,3-4 and 96,5-98,5


Fragment 83952
atha – ityādi. ayathārthaṃ jñānaṃ mithyajñānam. ādiśabdena saṃśayajñānaṃ gṛhyate. tasyāyathārthādijñānasya nivṛttaye – vyavasāyātmakam ity ucyate. – etad darśayati — nātra vyayasāyaśabdo niścayaparyāyaḥ, kiṃ tarhi bhūtārthagrahaṇaparyāyaḥ. vyavasāyātmakam iti bhūtārthagrahaṇasvabhāvam ity arthaḥ. kasmād ayuktaṃ viśeṣaṇam – ity āha …

Author(s): commentator on NSū
Sources: PSṬ 1 (I) 101,13-17

Details


Report 85058
yas tu manyate – naivendriyārthasannikarṣajasya pratyakṣasyāvyapadeśyatvādiviśeṣaṇam, kiṃ tarhi pratyakṣadvayam evaitat parasparāsaṅkīrṇarūpam ekena sūtreṇa lakṣyate. avyapadeśyam avyabhicāri vyavasāyātmakam ity anena hi sūtraikadeśena mānasaṃ lakṣyate. indriyārthasannikarṣotpannam ity anena tv indriyārthasannikarṣajam. tataś cendriyārthodbhave nāstītyādi yad uktam, tat sutrārthāparijñānavijṛmbhitam. ata eva so 'py adoṣo na sukhādi prameyaṃ veti, ya ukto 'nantaro 'pi hetur asiddhaḥ – iti tena manasa indriyatvaṃ vaktavyaṃ pratyakṣavyapadeśaprasiddhyartham.

Author(s): unidentified
Sources: PSṬ 1 (I) 104,13-105,5


Fragment 85236
nanu cendriyam atīndriyam. tat kathaṃ tadapekṣayā kiñcit sāntaram iti gṛhyetādhikam iti vā. na ca rūpādīnāṃ parimāṇam asti, nirguṇatvād guṇānām. tat kutas teṣām ādhikyagrahaṇam. na ca paro gandhādibhiḥ sahendriyasya nairantaryam icchati, tais tasya saṃyogābhāvāt. tat katham idam uktam1 na hīndriyanirantare gandhādāv ityādi.

Author(s): unidentified
Sources: PSṬ 1 (I) 106,9-13


Fragment 85362
kecid āhuḥ – ghrāṇarasanacakṣustvakśrotrāṇīndriyāṇi bhūtebhya iti naivātra ghrāṇādīnām indriyatvaṃ vidhīyate, kiṃ tarhīndriyatvena prasiddhānām eva bhautikatvam. abhautikaṃ ca manaḥ. tasmān na nirdiśyate – iti.

Author(s): unidentified
Sources: PSṬ 1 (I) 112,7-9


Fragment 87410
tripadaparigrahaṇenaina (read: tripadaparigrahaṇenaiva) lakṣaṇam ācāryā varṇayanti. – anekadharmopapatteḥ upalabdhyanupalabdhyavyavasthāto viṣeṣāpekṣa (read: viśeṣāpekṣa) ity asādhāraṇadharmagrahaṇāt viśeṣagrahaṇāt (read: viśeṣāgrahaṇād) viśeṣasmṛteś ca saṃśaya ity arthaḥ. ekaikapadopādānaphalaṃ ca pūrvavad atrāpi darśayitavyam, na cendriyamanaḥsaṃyogādikāraṇāntaraparigaṇanacodanaṃ yuktam, teṣāṃ sarvabuddhijanmasu tulyatvād ihāsādhāraṇasaṃśayajñānakāraṇopadeśaprastāvād – iti.

Author(s): ācāryāḥ
Sources: NM (2) vol. 2, 528,15-20