Udbhaṭa

Other denominations: Udbhaṭabhaṭṭa, Bhaṭṭodbhaṭa
Philosophical tradition: Cārvāka, Lokāyata
Worktitles: Tattvavr̥tti



Prosopographical information about Udbhaṭa in primary sources


Information 776
suśikṣitacārvākā udbhaṭādayaḥ.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NMGBh (1) 19,2; NMGBh I 52,26


Information 12836
cārvākadhūrtas tv iti udbhaṭaḥ, sa hi lokāyatasūtreṣu vivṛtiṃ kurvan ...

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NMGBh I 100,19f; NMGBh (1) 43,4f


Information 28297
yac coktaṃ tattvavṛttāv udbhaṭena . . . iti

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: SVR 265,16

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Fragments attributed to Udbhaṭa


Report 744
cirantanacārvākair hi bhāviviktaprabhṛtibhir – bhūtebhyaś caitanyam – iti sūtraṃ bhūtebhya iti pañcamyantapadayojanayā vyākhyātam – bhūtebhya utpadyate caitanyam – iti. udbhaṭena tu bhūtebhya iti padaṃ caturthyantatayā vyākhyātam – bhūtebhyaś caitanyaṃ bhūtārthaṃ caitanyaṃ svatantram eva śarīrārambhakabhūtopakārakam – ity arthaḥ.

Author(s): Bhāvivikta, Bhāvivikta (Lokāyata/Cārvāka), Udbhaṭa
Sources: NMGBh (1) 197,4-7; NMGBh II 257,24-258,21

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Fragment 752
tenaiva pratisamāhitānīti. tathāhi – śobhā – ityādau udbhaṭenaiva pratisamādhānaṃ kṛtam.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NMGBh (1) 180,16-17; NMGBh II 195,6


Report 768
cārvākadhūrtas tv iti udbhaṭaḥ, sa hi lokāyatasūtreṣu vivṛtiṃ kurvan "athātas tattvaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ, pṛthivyāpastejovāyur" iti sūtradvayaṃ yathāśrutārthatyāgenānyathā varṇayāmāsa. prathamasūtre tattvapadena pramāṇaprameyasaṅkhyālakṣaṇaniyamāśakyakaraṇīyatām āha, dvitīyasūtram api prameyāniyamapratipādakaṃ tena vyākhyātam. tatra hi "pṛthivyāpastejovāyur" iti ya itiśabdaḥ sa evaṃprāyaprameyāntaropalakṣaṇatvena tasyābhimataḥ.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NMGBh I 100,19-24; NMGBh (1) 43,4-9

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Fragment 849
yathā udbhaṭena uktam – śarīrārambhakakāraṇānām eva bhūtānāṃ sa kaścit tādṛśo vicitrasukhaduḥkhopabhogado dharmaḥ svabhāvaviśeṣa ity arthaḥ.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NMGBh II 262,25-27; NMGBh (1) 198,3-5


Fragment 863
aśakya eva pramāṇasaṅkhyāniyamaḥ – iti suśikṣitacārvākāḥ.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NM (2) I 94,6f; NM I 52,18f; NM (1) I 33,26f


Report 870
cārvākadhūrtas tv athātas tattvaṃ vyākhyāsyāma iti pratijñāya pramāṇaprameyasaṃkhyālakṣaṇaniyamāśakyakaraṇīyatvam eva tattvaṃ vyākhyātavān. pramāṇasaṃkhyāniyamāśakyakaraṇīyatvasiddhaye ca pramitibhedān pratyakṣādipramāṇānupajanyān īdṛśānupādarśayat.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NM I 100,8-11; NM (1) I 59,27-30; NM (2) I 168,12-15

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Report 886
vakrāṅguliḥ praviralāṅgulir eṣa pāṇir ity asti dhīs tamasi mīlitacakṣuṣo vā /
neyaṃ tvagindriyakr̥tā na hi tatkarasthaṃ tatraiva hi pramitim indriyam ādadhāti //
dūrāt karoti niśi dīpaśikhā ca dṛṣṭā paryantadeśavisṛtāsu matiṃ prabhāsu /
dhatte dhiyaṃ pavanakampitapuṇḍarīkaṣaṇḍo ’nuvātabhuvi dūragate ’pi gandhe //
sa evaṃprāyasaṃvittisamutprekṣaṇapaṇḍitaḥ /
rūpaṃ tapasvī jānāti na pratyakṣānumānayoḥ //


Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NM (1) I 169,1-10; NM (2) I 169,1-10; NM I 100,12-101,8


Fragment 892
atra suśikṣitāś cārvākā āhuḥ – yāvac charīram avasthitam ekaṃ pramātṛtattvam anusaṃdhānādivyavahārasamartham astu nāma, kas tatra kalahāyate, śarīrād ūrdhvaṃ tu tad astīti kim atra pramāṇam? na ca pūrvaśarīram apahāya śarīrāntaraṃ saṃkrāmati pramātā, yadi hy evaṃ bhavet tad iha śarīre śaiśavadaśānubhūtapadārthasmaraṇavadatītajanmānubhūtapadārthasmaraṇam api tasya bhavet, na hi tasya nityatvāviśeṣe ca śarīrabhedāviśeṣe ca smaraṇaviśeṣe kāraṇam utpaśyāmo yad iha janmany evānubhūtaṃ smarati nānyajanmānubhūtam iti, tasmād ūrdhvaṃ dehān nāsty eva pramāteti, nityātmavādamūlaparalokakathākurukurvīm apāsya yathāsukham āsyatām, yathāha - yāvaj jīvaṃ sukhaṃ jīven nāsti mṛtyor agocaraḥ /
bhasmībhūtasya śāntasya punar āgamanaṃ kutaḥ //
iti.


Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NM (2) II 348,2-14; NM II 256,16-257,4; NM (1) II 39,15-24


Fragment 2535
yac coktaṃ tattvavṛttāv udbhaṭena – lakṣaṇakāriṇā lāghavikatvenaiva śabdaviracanavyavasthā, na caitāvatānumānasya gauṇatā, yadi ca sādhyaikadeśadharmidharmatvaṃ heto rūpaṃ brūyus te, tadā na kācil lakṣaṇe ‘pi gauṇī vṛttiḥ – iti.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: SVR 265,16-19

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Fragment 2544
yat tu tenaiva paramalokāyatam manyena lokavyavahāraikapakṣapātinā lokaprasiddhadhūmādyanumānāni puraskṛtya śāstrīyasvargādisādhakānumānāni nirācikīrṣatā "pramāṇasyāgauṇatvād anumānād arthaniścayo durlabhaḥ" iti paurandaraṃ sūtraṃ pūrvācāryavyākhyānatiraskāreṇa vyākhyānayatā idam abhihitaṃ. – "hetoḥ svasādhyaniyamagrahaṇe prakāratrayam iṣṭaṃ darśanābhyām aviśiṣṭābhyāṃ darśanena viśiṣṭānupalabdhisahitena bhūyodarśanapravṛttyā ca lokavyavahārapatitayā, tatrādyena grahaṇopāyena ye hetor gamakatvam icchanti tān pratīdaṃ sūtraṃ. lokaprasiddheṣv api hetuṣu vyabhicārādarśanam asti. tantrasiddheṣv api tena vyabhicārādarśanalakṣaṇaguṇasādharmyataḥ tantrasiddhahetūnāṃ tathābhāvo vyavasthāpyata iti gauṇatvam anumānasya. avyabhicārāvagamo hi laukikahetūnām anumeyāvagame nimittaṃ. sa nāsti tantrasiddheṣv iti na tebhyaḥ parokṣārthāvagamo nyāyyo 'ta idam uktam anumānād arthaniścayo durlabha iti" – iti.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: SVR 265,19-266,8


Fragment 2566
yaṃ punar ayam atra vyājahāra parihāram. – naiṣa doṣaḥ. teṣām anekakāryakriyāsvabhāvatvāt. tathā hi -- te tadavasthāyāṃ pratyekaṃ viśiṣṭasajātīyetarakṣaṇajananātmakās teṣāṃ tatsattānantaryadarśanāt. tatra vijñānajananasvabhāvataiveti tasyā jananasvabhāvatā vyavacchidyate. tasyā eva pratiyogitvāt nānyajananasvabhāvatā. na cātas teṣām anekātmatā syāt. ekasyaivātmātiśayasyānekakāryahetutvāt – ityādi. tatrāyaṃ jaraddvijanmā mahānubhāvo ‘bhinavam etam uttaramārgam asmān prati prakāśayati. anenaiva naiyāyikataskaraḥ sarvasvāpahārāya pravekṣyati kṣaṇād iti tu nāvekṣate iti kim atra brūmaḥ.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: SVR 764,18-765,1


Fragment 3182
suśikṣitatarāḥ prāhuḥ – dvividham anumānam, kiṃcid utpannapratīti kiṃcid utpādyapratīti. īśvarādyanumānaṃ tūtpādyapratīti.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NM (2) I 326,9f; NM I 184,6f; NM (1) I 113,6f


Fragment 3217
anye tu – śobheti cīrṇam iti na yāti vākyaṃ pratibhettum iti mātur anuharatīti phalinabarhiṇau hy adyāseti kāṃdiśīka iti bhrājiṣṇur iti gaṇeya iti vareṇya iti lakṣyasaṃgrahabahiṣkr̥tasmr̥tisaṃdehavaiparyayapratipādakatvalakṣaṇaskhalitaṃ viplutaṃ pāṇinitantramanyamānās tatra mahāntam ākṣepam atāniṣuḥ, sa tu sthūlodaraprāya itīha granthagauravabhayān na likhyate.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NM II 182,11-183,4; NM (2) II 245,18-246,2; NM (1) I 385,18-22


Report 3223
etena śobhācīrṇavareṇyagaṇeyabhrājiṣṇukāṃdiśīkādi- śabdāsaṃgrahasmr̥tisaṃdehaviparyayādidūṣaṇāny api kaiścid utprekṣitāni pratikṣiptāni mantavyāni, tāni ca tair eva samāhitānīti.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NM (2) II 259,13-15; NM (1) I 391,28-30; NM II 195,1-3


Report 3359
tatrārthāpattyā saha pratyakṣādīni pañca pramāṇāni – iti prabhākaraḥ. – abhāvena saha ṣaṭ – iti bhāṭṭaḥ. – saṃbhavaitihyābhyām aṣṭau – iti kecit. – aśakya eva pramāṇasaṅkhyāniyamaḥ – iti suśikṣitacārvākāḥ.

Author(s): Bhāṭṭa, kecit, Prabhākara, Udbhaṭa
Sources: NM I 52,17-19; NM (2) I 94,4-7; NM (1) I 33,25-27


Fragment 12941
udbhaṭena tu bhūtebhya iti padaṃ caturthyantatayā vyākhyātam – bhūtebhyaś caitanyaṃ bhūtārthaṃ caitanyaṃ svatantram eva śarīrārambhakabhūtopakārakam – ity arthaḥ.

Author(s): Udbhaṭa
Sources: NMGBh II 257,24-258,21; NMGBh (1) 197,4-7

Details